Dry Eye Syndrome

Solve the problem of dry eye in Milan with Blue Eye treatments

Dry eye syndrome, also known as keratoconjunctivitis, is an ocular condition rather common in persons of advanced age. It was found that about 1 in 7 people aged between 65 and 84 report sporadic or continuous dry eye symptoms.

Blue Eye receives more and more requests for dry eye care in Milan, Vimercate and other Lombard provinces. The syndrome is caused by a disorder of the tear film, an essential component of the ocular surface responsible for lubricating the eye, maintaining the right level of oxygenation of the eye structures and removing debris from the surface.

In the case of dry eye syndrome, the production of the tear film is insufficient or the tears produced are characterized by excessive evaporation. This leads to damage to the interpalpebral ocular surface and the appearance of a variety of symptoms such as burning eyes, a foreign body sensation, burning sensation, pain, photophobia, and blurred vision.

Furthermore, patients with dry eye are more prone to contract potentially blinding infections such as bacterial keratitis and risk complications if subjected to laser refractive surgery.

How to Prevent Dry Eye Syndrome

Proper production of tears is vital to eye health. Some useful preventive measures to avoid running into dry eye syndrome include:

  • protect the eyes by trying to avoid direct contact with the wind, hot air, direct sunlight and smoke as these conditions can irritate the eyes;
  • avoid straining your eyes. If you work at the computer for many hours, make sure your eyes are positioned at the right distance from the screen. Take regular breaks to avoid straining your eye muscles;
  • follow a healthy diet favoring foods such as salmon and fresh tuna rich in omega 3 oils that promote the production of the tear film;
  • use a humidifier if the air is too dry;
  • use a counter medication like artificial tears, gels or ointments;
  • stop smoking.

However, be careful because these precautions act only on the symptoms of the condition, not on its root causes.

What Causes Dry Eye Syndrome

The physiopathology of dry eye has been carefully studied in recent years. Until recently it was thought that the condition was simply due to an insufficiency of the lacrimal production in turn caused by a lot of factors:

  • inflammatory diseases,
  • environmental conditions (allergies, cigarette smoke, dry climate),
  • hormonal imbalance (menopausal women and patients undergoing hormone replacement therapy),
  • excessive use of contact lenses,
  • prolonged intake of systemic drugs, such as diuretics, antihistamines, antidepressants, psychotropics, cholesterol-lowering agents, beta-blockers and oral contraceptives
  • systemic disorders, such as diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus
  • previous eye surgery such as corneal transplantation, extra-capsular cataract procedures, and refractive surgery.

Today, it is understood that dry keratoconjunctivitis is a disease mainly due to the dysfunction of the meibomian gland (MGD, Meibomian Gland Dysfunction). This paradigm shift has led to the development of new highly effective therapies. One of which is the gland stimulation via IRPL (Intense Regulated Pulsed Light).

IRPL Pulsed Light for the Treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome in Milan

The meibomian glands are found on the upper and lower eyelids and produce an oily fluid called meibum which covers the ocular surface when a person winks.

In patients with MGD, sebaceous secretions are denser and have a higher melting temperature than normal subjects. The resulting occlusion causes inflammation and often a bacterial proliferation that aggravates the problem. Most standard treatments, such as the application of anti-inflammatory drops or oral antibiotics, aim to reduce the inflammation associated with this disease. However, only heat can fluidize the abnormal viscous meibum and dilate the glands.

The intense pulsed light – used for many years in dermatology practices as a treatment for rosacea and acne – has proved an extremely effective treatment to cure the dysfunction of the meibomian gland.

The therapy is rapid (a few minutes per eye), completely painless and safe. Before treatment, a protective mask is placed on the patient’s eyes.

A dense layer of gel is then applied to the periocular area, from the cheekbones to the temporal region. A series of 5 flashes of IRPL (Intense Regulated Pulsed Light) with light wavelengths of 400 to 1200 nm is applied under each eye, from the nasal region to the temporal region.

A second session must be carried out two weeks after the first, after which the doctor will be able to prescribe a further cycle after one month.

Generally the complete cycle lasts 4 months. In most cases, the benefit on the meibomian glands – and therefore on the dry eye syndrome – is already noticeable after a few hours.

Blue Eye is in Milan and Vimercate: for Those Who Want to Solve Dry Eye Problem

Blue Eye is active with the best treatments for dry eye syndrome in Milan and its province. Patients from different Italian regions and even from Switzerland come to visit our facilities every day, such as Locarno, Bellinzona, Chiasso, Mendrisio, Ascona, Ariolo, Stabio, Biasca, Muralto, Brissago, Morcote, Melide, Paradiso, Riva San Vitale, Gandria , Agno, Giubiasco, Muggio, Villa Luganese, Sovico, Massagno, Bissone, Pregassona, Colderio and Sankt Moritz.

This post is also available in: Italian

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